The shoulder is a complex joint. It is made up of three bones – the humerus, clavicle, and scapula. It is the most mobile joint in the body and can be prone to injury because of this.
Common problems in the shoulder joint include rotator cuff tendinitis and tears, impingement, labral tears, tears of the biceps tendon, and instability. Fortunately, almost all of these problems can be treated with advanced arthroscopic techniques if nonoperative treatment is unsuccessful.
Though much less common than in the hip or knee, arthritis can also occur in the shoulder. With modern techniques, shoulder replacement surgery is a reliable method to improve pain and function.